Disaster Risk Management
Disasters have an enormous and significant negative impact on development of key sectors of economy like livelihood, agriculture, infrastructure, housing, health, education and above all environment. They result in a serious social and economic set-back to the sustainable development. Disasters also pose threat of increasing poverty and resultantly distress national development goals.
Climate change-induced disasters pose even greater threat to sustainable development in developing countries like Pakistan which is ranked quite amongst the most vulnerable countries. Pakistan has a history of devastating natural disasters ranging from floods, drought, earthquakes, wind storms etc. Continuous history of disasters since 2005 is seen as an indication and likelihood of more intense and frequent such types of events in the future too. Considering the Pakistan’s disaster scenario, HIN initiated a Disaster Risk Management (DRM) program with focus on both pre and post disaster interventions.
Pre Disaster priority areas of the program are followed by Community & School Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM & SBDRM). At Community level HIN is adept in measuring Knowledge, Attitude & Practices (KAP) towards disasters, Risk Assessment tools and methodology, Community Mobilization and campaigns, organization and capacity building of men and women in the context of community empowerment. Disaster Risk management (DRM) and early response team (ERT) structures at village, UCs, Tehsil and District levels; development of inter and intra community coordination mechanisms; designing and implementation of community based early warning system (EWS); Mock drill exercises at community level to enhance community knowledge on actions needed to perform before, during, and after any disaster/emergency.
In relation to School Based Disaster Risk Management (SBDRM); Organization has experienced Stakeholder mobilization; schools based risk assessment and preparation of school safety plan with inclusion of enrolled students, teachers and PTCs; Mock Drill exercises at schools level; organization and strengthening of schools based DRM and ERT structures. Moreover, HIN has also initiated DRR infrastructure development activities at community level.
- 10 Union Council Disaster Management Committees (UCDMCs) (05 Male and 05 Female) formed & Strengthened for administration, supervision and monitoring of CBDRM implemented by VDMCs
- 60 Villages Disaster Management Committees (DMCs) (30 male and 30 Female) formed & strengthened for administrations and implementation of CBDRM initiative
- 60 Village Emergency Response Teams (VERTs) (30 male and 30 Female) formed & Strengthened to responds promptly and effectively in the case of a natural disaster or other emergency occurring in the community
- 100 School Disaster Management Committees (SDMCs) (65 Boys and 35 Girls) formed & Strengthened ) to develop a culture of preparedness and safety in school as well as resilience of school communities
- 40,000 Children (25000 boys and 15000 Girls) in 946 Government School oriented on Hygiene Promotion
- 30 Early Warning System (EWS) Kits distributed among Emergency Response.
- Teams (ERTs) for search, Rescues and evacuation in emergency and disaster situation
- 12,500 School Children oriented on Disaster &School safety to safe school environments that are conducive to teaching and learning
- 75,000 individuals oriented on Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change and gender mainstreaming & inclusion for DRR interventions
- General Plantation to reduce land sliding soil erosion
Post disaster the program focuses Relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction a complete emergency response cycle during and after the times of natural disasters. Since 2005, HIN has been meeting the immediate needs of victims of disasters with provision of food, Non-food items, and clean water and shelter services.
During calamities, HIN’s primary focus is on providing relief to the most vulnerable members of affected community: women, children, elderly and People with Disabilities (PWDs). HIN has always been in the front to handle the situation by reaching the most affected places of the country and reaching the most deserving people. From the earliest stage of intervention, HINs emergency response activities are designed to translate from urgent relief to rehabilitation, recovery and reconstruction.
- 274 Disaster Resilient Permanent Houses constructed for 2010 flood affected families
- 1,750 Transitional Shelters Constructed for conflict and earthquake affected families
- 10 Protection Walls, 06 Cause Ways, 06 Link Roads, 09 Suspension Bridges and 14 Pathways reconstructed/rehabilitated for 49000 most affected community